Parenting time is ordered by the court so that the child and the parents have the opportunity to maintain a relationship. If a custodial parent states that parenting time puts them or the child in danger, there must be a hearing, usually expedited. Enforcing a parenting time order can be hard, especially if the child is older and does not want to see the other parent. But a parenting time court order can be enforced until the child turns In Minnesota law, the unmarried mother has sole custody unless a Court issues a custody order indicating otherwise.
Our attorneys have years of experience negotiating and litigating paternity, custody, and parenting time matters. However, there may be circumstance that allow grandparents to gain visitation, even sometimes custody, due the circumstances of the case. These circumstances typically include:. There is no charge for the initial consultation with one of our family law attorneys experienced in parenting time and grandparent visitation proceedings.
Call our office at to speak with one of our paralegals and to schedule a telephone or in-person consultation with one of our attorneys. Use the contact form on this site if you prefer to communicate through email. By selecting "Proceed" below, you will be redirected to the LawPay site. Before proceeding, please refer to your most recent statement for balance due information. The danger to watch out for is that the reconciliation pitch is just a fraud to enable the other spouse to try again for a better outcome at a later date, with a different judge and custody evaluator.
It happens. In such situations, one party may invite friends or family to stay as semi-permanent overnight house guests, in the hope that this will drive the other party so insane that he or she will give up and move out. And even if you don't, now there are hostile witnesses in your house who will write affidavits complaining about your every move.
Don't fall for it. The best counter-measure is to invite your own guests over to serve as support-persons and witnesses of your own. Usually by this point both parties will agree that neither will have guests over as long as they continue to share occupancy of the house.
Minnesota has a "no-fault" divorce law. This means it is not necessary to prove your spouse is at fault for the breakup of the marriage. It is only necessary to prove that there has been "an irretrievable breakdown of the marriage relationship. Because Minnesota has a no-fault divorce law, a spouse who wants a divorce is almost certain to be granted one by the court even if the other spouse does not want a divorce.
It also means that the fault of either spouse in the breakup of the marriage cannot be considered by the court in deciding custody, division of property, or anything else. You must be a resident of Minnesota for days 6 months before you can begin a divorce proceeding. This usually happens only if a person has a low income and few belongings. There is no right to a free lawyer like a public defender in a divorce.
However, there are nonprofit law firms that provide free legal help or arrange for volunteer attorneys for low income clients. See the back of this booklet for information on legal services. If free legal help is not available, or you do not qualify, you will need to hire an attorney or represent yourself in the divorce. It is important that you understand your payment arrangement with your attorney. Many attorneys charge an hourly fee for their services.
You will be charged each time the attorney works on your file. You should check with your local courthouse or law library or the Minnesota State Courts website www. The length of time to complete a divorce depends upon several things. If both sides reach an agreement or if one spouse never responds to divorce papers, a divorce doesn't take much time.
If both sides can't agree, then the judge has to decide. In this case it will take much longer because the court will need to gather information and schedule time in order to make a fair decision.
Gathering information might mean having a custody evaluation done or getting financial information. An uncontested divorce is one where the parties agree on a settlement or one of the spouses does not respond.
An uncontested divorce is likely to take a few months. If the parties disagree, the divorce can sometimes take from six months to two years. Custody is decided based upon the best interests of the minor children.
The court considers many things such as. The court will also consider which parent is more likely to encourage a relationship between the children and the other parent. The court can grant custody to either parent. The sex of the parent is not a factor. The court looks at whether there has been domestic abuse by one parent against the other and how the children were affected by that.
The court can also consider domestic abuse between a parent and anyone else. The court decides both legal and physical custody. Legal custody is the right to make the major decisions about the children. These include the children's religious upbringing, schooling, and medical care. Physical custody means where the children live and which parent makes the routine daily decisions.
Physical custody is what most people think of when speaking about custody. The court prefers to share legal custody between the parents. This is called joint legal custod y. This means both parents must cooperate and agree on the important decisions about the children. The court does not usually grant joint legal custody if the parents cannot cooperate or if there has been domestic abuse.
In some cases, the court cannot make a decision about custody because the children do not live in Minnesota or have not lived in Minnesota long enough. In those cases the court has no legal authority to decide custody. It is difficult for a parent convicted of certain crimes of violence or abuse to get custody or parenting time. The law allows parents to make voluntary parenting plans.
A parenting plan is a plan voluntarily designed by both parents based on the best interests of the child. A parenting plan must include a schedule of the time each parent spends with the child, who will make specific decisions regarding the child, and a way to settle disputes. If both parents do not agree to a parenting plan, the court may create one. The court will not create a parenting plan if it finds that a parent has committed domestic abuse against the other parent or a child.
The law encourages both parents to remain actively involved with their children. The parent who does not have custody is usually granted the right to visit the children. Parenting time is decided by what is in the best interests of the children. The court will look at the reasons why the parenting time schedule was not followed.
Grandparents may seek visitation with their grandchildren. Minnesota law also allows a person who is not a parent but who previously lived with the child for two years to ask the court for the right to visit the child. A court will grant visitation if it is in the child's best interests and if visitation will not interfere with the parent-child relationship. Scheduled Parenting Time If the parents cannot agree, or if one parent asks for a schedule, the court may schedule parenting time.